Comments on the Bhagavad-Gita

In the Bhagavad-Gita, we find the great archer Arjuna with his charioteer Krishna, between two massive armies lined up to fight one another. He looks at both sides and finds relatives, fathers and sons, ready to slaughter one another in the battle. In his confusion, he cries out for guidance. To guide him, Krishna, an avatar of Vishnu in some Hindu traditions, speaks to him as the supreme god of gods, almighty time, and instructs him the way of the Yoga.
The war, to me, seems to be a metaphor to me, used to illustrates the conflict inside oneself, the kind of conflict that every person has when it comes to choosing, when it comes to differentiating between what is right and what is wrong. Krishna appeared before him as a beacon of light in a time of darkness. He has since appeared to millions as the same light, to lead people from what eternal return, from what Krishna calls ‘the transient world of sorrow.’”
The main thing that appealed to me about the ancient text is the beauty of the words and the majesty of the ideas contained within. Transience, I believe, is the major theme, the mortality of everything alive on the earth. In describing to him the transience of life and its luxuries, he consoles him and reminds him of his purpose, thereby escorting him out of darkness into the light of his infinite form which Krishna reveals to him, which leaves Arjuna shaking with fear and awe.
Krishna tells Arjuna, “Thy tears are for those beyond tears; and are they words words of wisdom? The wise grieve not for those who live; they grieve not for those who died. Life and death will pass away.”
By this I believe he was saying that emotional and physical states exist in finite space, unable to last forever, and reckons that life, like death, will someday pass away into another sphere of existence, beyond time and life and death and the eternal sorrow of eternal return. “Because we have all been for all time, I, and thou,” he says. “We all shall be for all time, forever, and forever more.”
It appears in his words that Krishna relates the human body to be nothing but a vessel, like a physical ship to carry the ships’ captain, then, when the physical ship is no longer set afloat, the captain moves on to find another ship, only to be imprisoned again, like smoke inside a bottle until reincarnation, where we’re trapped again inside a body in the miserable cycle of eternal return.
Krishna appears before him as all powerful time, with multitudes rushing into him and pouring out of him as he devours them all, destroys everything, and he tells Arjuna, “I am all powerful time, and I have come here to slay these men. Fight, or fight not; all these men will die.”
After the mortal body is shed, “As the spirit of our mortal body wanders on in childhood, and in you and old age, the spirit moves to a new body,” Krishna believes the knower, the mind behind the body, passes in and out of light and dark between worlds, reliving one cycle of life and death after the other without ever finding something that lasts forever, something that is forever tangible. The spirit, however, is forever to him, making death nothing but a temporary shedding of a body: “Interwoven in his creation, the spirit is beyond destruction. No one can bring an end to the everlasting spirit or an end to something which had no beginning.”
Once someone escapes the transient world, Krishna instructs, he will dwell beyond time in these bodies, though our bodies have an end in their times, but we remain immeasurable, immortal. With these words, Krishna tells us to carry on our noble fight and noble struggles against the depreciating forces of all of life.
The highest goal for him is a goal familiar to Buddhists: asceticism. “From the world of senses,” Krishna says, again beautifully illustrating transience, “comes fire and ice, pleasure and pain. They come and go for they are transient. Arise above them, strong soul.”
These words have encouraged and inspired millions of people, from east of the globe to west, every day for thousands of years. The tone of the piece reflects an inner peace, an acceptance, an eagerness to dispel disillusion and ignorance and grow closer to the laws of the world and universe, a universe that is god manifest. It is a call for people to be honorable and kind to others, and it is one of the greatest works of literature ever produced by mankind.
In the end, The Bhagavad-Gita is a beacon of light for an entire people. Its key message being the right path to the right goal, by acting as you should and by doing your duty. It’s message is that all things pass away, including life but also including death, and that by right action, and kindness and wisdom, one can escape that terrible wheel of birth and death and exist beyond time in those bodies, one with the god of gods.

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